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Table of Contents
CME TEST
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 6  |  Page : 289-290

CME Test


Date of Submission27-Jun-2020
Date of Decision08-Sep-2020
Date of Acceptance08-Oct-2020
Date of Web Publication26-Dec-2020

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_94_20

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How to cite this article:
. CME Test. Urol Sci 2020;31:289-90

How to cite this URL:
. CME Test. Urol Sci [serial online] 2020 [cited 2021 Jan 16];31:289-90. Available from: https://www.e-urol-sci.com/text.asp?2020/31/6/289/305094



  1. What statement considering the management of upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) with endoscopic laser ablation is incorrect?


    1. It was imperatively indicated for highly selected patients with a solitary kidney, impaired renal function, and bilateral UTUCs.
    2. Two major laser systems are available for the ablation: thulium and holmium laser systems.
    3. The holmium laser system showed higher effectiveness and precision with fewer complications than the thulium laser system.
    4. Tumor size and tumor grade are influential recurrence factors after kidney-sparing surgery.
    5. All statements are correct.


    Urol Sci 2020:31(6):258-266.

  2. According to the study about patients after robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) by Sih-Han Chen et al., what statement is incorrect?


    1. Patients without previous transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) history had a higher continence rate at 3 months.
    2. The continence rate at 12 months was similar between patients with and without previous TURP history.
    3. By anterior support of the rhabdosphincter and posterior suspension, all patients could have a satisfied continent rate.
    4. The recovery rate or erectile function had no significant difference between patients with and without previous TURP history after 12 months follow up.
    5. All statements are correct.


    Urol Sci 2020:31(6):267-272.

  3. According to the study by Vicky Ferdian et al., what statement about the supine percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) is incorrect?


    1. Guy's stone score (GSS) categorized PCNL into different grades of complexity and was found reliable to predict the outcome.
    2. Depending on the patient's past medical history and Xray variables such as larger numbers of stones, staghorn stones and stones location, GSS could categorize into five grades.
    3. The higher the GSS grade of the patient, the longer total duration of surgery time.
    4. There was no difference between the simple and complex stone groups in PCNL complications.
    5. All statements are correct.


    Urol Sci 2020:31(6):273-276.

  4. What statement considering the surgical management of pediatric urolithiasis is incorrect?


    1. Shockwave lithortripsy (SWL) is the least invasive procedure.
    2. Retrograde intrarenal surgery or ureteroscopy lithotripsy (RIRS) and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL) both require general anesthesia.
    3. RIRS are less invasive than PCNL but with lower stone free rate (SFR), especially for larger stones.
    4. RIRS can be performed in an infant.
    5. The laparoscopic procedures can be an option for highly selected cases, such as those with anatomic abnormalities.


    Urol Sci 2020:31(6):244-252.

  5. What statement considering the risk factors of morbidity and mortality after flexible ureteroscopy (URS) or ureteroscopic lithotripsy is incorrect?


    1. Bleeding, infection, and ureteral injury are three main complications.
    2. Postoperative infectious complications are the most common and serious complications for patients after flexible URS.
    3. Among all risk factors for infection after flexible URS, operation duration has been considered a “comprehensive factor”.
    4. The Traxer ureteral injury scale categorized ureteral injury into five grades (0-4). High-grade injuries (2–4 on the scale) had significantly more ureteral strictures than low-grade injuries (0-1 on the scale).
    5. All statements are correct.


Urol Sci 2020:31(6):253-257.

Volume 31 Issue 5

Answers:

1. (B) 2. (E) 3. (A) 4. (E) 5. (C)










 

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