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Lower urinary tract symptoms associated with double-J stent


 Department of Urology, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan

Correspondence Address:
Po-Jen Hsiao,
Department of Urology, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, No. 2, Yude Road, Taichung
Taiwan
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

Urinary drainage for hydronephrosis including the placement of an internal double J (D-J) or external percutaneous nephrostomy tube is common practice. Although D-J insertion is less invasive and may provide better quality of life than percutaneous nephrostomy, patients commonly complain of associated symptoms like discomfort, resulting in decreasing work performance and lifestyle changes. The incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) following D-J insertion is 50%–70%. Urologists who perform this procedure need to know how to prevent and manage common symptoms and educate patients. The physical activity of patients, material of D-J, size, and length of the stent are factors that increase the incidence of LUTS. Recently, several studies have suggested medical treatment for relief D-J-related symptoms. This article reviews the general background, factors, evaluation, and management of D-J associated LUTS.


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    -  Lee SW
    -  Hsiao PJ
    -  Chang CH
    -  Chou EC
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