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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2020  |  Volume : 31  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-35

Factors affecting hospital stay in patients aged >65 years who underwent urological intervention: A single-center retrospective study


Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Kartal, Istanbul, Turkey

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Elif Bombaci
Department of Anesthesiology and Reanimation, Kartal Dr. Lutfi Kirdar Training and Research Hospital, Health Sciences University, Semsi Denizer Street, Cevizli, 34890 Kartal, Istanbul
Turkey
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/UROS.UROS_51_19

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Purpose: The geriatric patient population is predominant in urologic surgeries. The perioperative period of geriatric patients is affected by several factors. This study aimed to investigate the factors affecting morbidity and hospital stay in patients aged >65 years, who underwent urological intervention. Materials and Methods: The data of patients aged >65 years, who underwent urological surgery, were retrospectively evaluated. Age; sex; the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status; type and method of surgical intervention; duration of surgery; anesthesia method; concomitant diseases; preoperative values of blood serum albumin, potassium, creatinine, and hemoglobin (Hb); presence of infection; admission to the intensive care unit; and duration of hospital stay were recorded. The effects of the data obtained on hospital stay were evaluated.P< 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Surgical method, duration of surgery, anesthesia method, presence of a comorbid disease, ASA physical status, preoperative values of blood serum albumin and Hb, presence of infection, and intensive care hospitalization had a significant effect on hospital stay, and particularly, long duration of surgery, ASA physical status, and low serum albumin levels were found to be the most effective factors to prolong hospital stay. Conclusion: In older patients who undergo a urological intervention, advanced age is not the only risk factor. The length of hospital stay is affected by a number of interrelated factors. A detailed preoperative evaluation and preparation with a multidisciplinary approach in elderly patients may prevent additional problems that may occur, ensuring the determination of the most appropriate surgical and anesthetic method.


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