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Table of Contents
CME QUIZ
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 29  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 212-213

CME Test


Date of Web Publication23-Jul-2018

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1879-5226.237366

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How to cite this article:
. CME Test. Urol Sci 2018;29:212-3

How to cite this URL:
. CME Test. Urol Sci [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Nov 15];29:212-3. Available from: http://www.e-urol-sci.com/text.asp?2018/29/4/212/237366

Please read this issue of Urological Science and return the postage-paid reply slip with your answers by August, 2018. A score of 80% or better will earn three CME credits. Questions/answers:

  1. What statement considering the advantage of 4-arm robot assisted retroperitoneoscopic partial nephrectomy (RARPN) is wrong?

    1. Easier approach for renal tumor located at posterior portion.
    2. Provides good traction and exposure on surgical field.
    3. Easier hilar dissection and pedicle control.
    4. Easier tumor excision and renorrhaphy.
    5. Reducing the warm ischemic time.


    Urol Sci 2018:29(4):193-7.

  2. What statement considering mid-urethral sling (MUS) is wrong ?

    1. Post-operative complications of MUS include residual lower urinary tract dysfunction, vaginal pain/dyspareunia, and/or vaginal exposure of sling mesh.
    2. Post-operative urinary retention rate after MUS has been reported as high as 25%~43%.
    3. Post-operative vaginal sling exposure rate after MUS has been reported as high as 3%~21%.
    4. All patients were at continuous risk of 2% additional developing sling exposures between 2 and 5 years of follow-up.
    5. Sling incision can always resolve female LUTS.


    Urol Sci 2018:29(4):198-201.

  3. What statement considering prostate abscess is incorrect ?
    1. The major pathogens are Gram-negative bacilli, which is isolate in 60~80% cases.
    2. The common treatment strategies including transrectal, percutaneous transperineal and transurethral drainage approaches.
    3. Compare to other two treatment strategies, the transrectal drainage approaches is less invasive and cause less sexual dysfunction
    4. The transurethral drainage approaches should be considered in cases of multiple abscesses with a long axis exceeding 30mm.
    5. All statement is correct.


    Urol Sci 2018:29(4):206-9.



  4. What statement considering detection of liquid biopsy in urological cancers is wrong ?
    1. Because of lack serum markers for renal cell carcinoma and urothelial carcinoma, the development of liquid biopsy is strongly desired.
    2. Liquid biopsy is more invasive than conventional tissue biopsy and less effective for monitoring of the treatment course.
    3. Liquid biopsy is largely divided into three types circulating tumor cells (CTCs), exosomes and circulating tumor/cell-free DNA.
    4. CTC identification methods as divided into three categories: (1) immunologic methods, (2) methods using differences in cell size and cell deformability, and (3) density gradient centrifugation method
    5. All statement is correct.
    Urol Sci 2018:29(4):176-9.
  5. What statement considering the indication for ureteropyeloscopy (URS) in detection of upper urinary tract tumors is wrong ?
    1. The diagnostic sensitivity has been reported as high as 82%-100% in previous studies.
    2. The potential complication including tumor dissemination, ureteral damage, ureteral stricture, and ureteral adhesion.
    3. URS tends to be chosen for patients with negative urine cytology and positive radiographic findings.
    4. URS tends to be chosen for patients with poor radiographic findings and positive urine cytology with no clear signs of bladder cancer.
    5. URS must be perform for patients with both positive radiographic findings and malignant urine cytology.


Urol Sci 2018:29(4):186-92.

Volume 29 Issue 3

Answers:

1. (B) 2. (B) 3. (D) 4. (C) 5. (B)






 

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